The British explorer poet and historian Sir Walter Raleigh was born probably in 1552 although the date is not entirely correct. His father Walter Raleigh of Fardell, lived in the parish of Cornwood, near Plymouth, was a gentleman of ancient family, but real small. Walter Raleigh's largest married three times. His famous son was the son of his third marriage to Catherine, daughter of Sir Philip Champernown of Modbury, and the widow of Otho Gilbert of Compton. In his first marriage he had three children, John, Humphrey and Adrian Gilbert. Mr. Raleigh had been forced to stop living in your own house Fardell. His son was born in the village of Hayes, near Budleigh Salterton head Bay, on the coast of Devonshire between Exmouth and Sidmouth. The name is written with exceptional diversity even at that age. Sir Walter, his father, and half brother uses different forms. The Raleigh spelling was adopted by the widow of Sir Walter, and has been commonly used, although there has been a tendency to prefer "Raleigh" sometimes. It was almost certainly pronounced "Rawley." In 1568 he entered as a commoner of Oriel College, Oxford, but took no action, and his residence was brief. In 1569 he followed his cousin Henry Champernown, who took charge of a corps of volunteers to serve with the French Huguenots English. From a reference in world history has been assumed that was present at the battle of Jarnac (13 March 1569), and stated that he was in Paris during the slaughter of St. Bartholomew in 1572. However, nothing is known with certainty of his life until February 1575, when she was at the Temple. During his trial in 1603, said he had never studied law, but his education had been "completely gentleman, fully welded." In June 1578 his half brother, Sir Humphrey Gilbert obtained a patent for six years authorizing him to take possession of "any barbaric and pagan wilds that has no other Christian prince or people." The lords of Devon had been actively working on the maritime adventure of a Corsican or even character of pirates since the reign of Henry VIII. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth the leading colonial enterprises was in conflict with the Spanish in America. In 1578 Humphrey Gilbert led an expedition that was a company of legal pirates against the Spanish but had to return after an action, and the loss of a ship in the Atlantic. Raleigh accompanied his half brother as captain.