The solid Chimantá located in the majestic jungle of Bolivar state, is composed of 10 isolated plateaus, some of these are: Amuri, Churi, Akopán and Murei. This massif is one of the largest in the area, occupying an area of 1470 square kilometers. Near the solid is the solid Chimantá Aprada, a space considered one of the most inaccessible and unexplored places in the world. In 2002, the Venezuelan this place was discovered in this region of the Venezuelan jungle, with a huge cavern of 250 meters during a flight over the area. Also there was observed an outgoing river underground, indicating that the cave may have large dimensions. This crack was baptized with the name of La Cueva del Fantasma and was explored in two stages.
In early 2004, a group of twelve scientists and explorers Venezuelan nature specialists, conducted reconnaissance flights to specify the location of the site, to access and landing areas. By March of that year, the group first entered the cave to begin exploration work. During the expedition, they realized that the Cueva del Fantasma was a really huge with a turbulent river, waterfalls, giant domes and galleries, you are able to have dimensions of 60 meters wide and 20 meters high.
The grand entrance of the cave was named Mammoth Mouth and is 150 meters wide and 50 meters high. After the entrance hall is the Guácharo Gallery, where the sound of the river that flows from the unknown is multiplied. The river at certain points becomes cascades and other plates disappears cuarcito roof falling the curve. Furthermore, they found two kilometers after the entry a deep lake and adjoining gallery.
In the second encounter with the Ghost Cave 7 researchers participated, who were specialists in the production of maps and photographs. Moreover, the issue was completely documented. Speleological investigations were conducted and zoological and typological studies with samples collected. To achieve all these studies, the issue was thoroughly prepared in techniques and highly sophisticated equipment. During this time in the cave, the researchers collected data and samples of fauna and flora, also collected atypical minerals located in the cave.
New species discovered
Charles Brewer Carias on his expedition discovered many things, among these is a new species of frogs dentrobatidas, commonly known as poison dart frogs. In honor of its discoverer this new species is called Colostethus breweri. They have as a pattern of characteristics peculiar brown skin, absence of fringes on fingers, moderate presence of a membrane in the toes, special features in the form of language and orange and yellow pigments in the undersides of their body.
The Colostethus breweri is a frog that lives in fast moving streams and calm waters on the slopes near the cave.
El Dorado - Venezuela - 5.0 out of
Discover this "great and golden city" was a dream that exasperated the imagination of anyone who attempted to make it happen. The search for El Dorado, failure many times over the centuries, causing a change in its supposed location. Each new report placed him one step further.
Raleigh searched for El Dorado in the heart of Guyana, the region now occupied about half the territory of Venezuela. With sound intuition, drew the golden city of Manoa, on the banks of Lake Parima legendary throughout the center of the map that was on that occasion.
Follow in the footsteps of Raleigh and although not a fiction but a reality, we will place the region of our dreams - Venezuela and the Orinoco River - in the center of the known world to start exploring their territory.
Venezuela, called Tierra de Gracia by Christopher Columbus when arrived at its eastern shores in 1498 - Colon said Eden queHabía found here in Venezuela, located in the northern tip of South America. Venezuela is the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east of the Orinoco delta. Coasts offshore outcrop almost a hundred islands and rocky headlands. It is bordered to the south and southeast Brazil to Guyana (not to be confused with the Venezuelan Guayana, and Essequibo area which is claimed by Venezuela). To the west, bordering Colombia.
Venezuela has an area of 916,445 km2 - almost three times the size of Germany or twice the state of California in the United States. The climate is tropical, with a rainy season from April to October. The normal temperature range for height, 10 to 12 º C in the mountains, from 20 to 25 between 1000 and 1500 meters, and Caracas, the capital city and 25 to 35 º C in the lower areas. In the lowlands of the Amazon and Guiana temperatures can reach 40 ° C, but drop drastically overnight.
Notable geographic features abound: Venezuela has the longest coastline in the Caribbean (2,813 km.), With a number of beautiful bays and beaches Islands, the continent's largest lake, Lake Maracaibo, the highest waterfall world, Angel Falls (979 m, three times the height of the Eiffel Tower), falling from Auyantepuy, one of the unique plateau, vertical walls and flat and forested peaks called tepuis, which abound in the Guiana Shield, a areas of the world's oldest geologically.
Its territory includes large areas of tropical rainforest, the initial portion of the Cordillera de Los Andes (the highest summit, Pico Bolívar, has 5.007m), and endless savannahs or plains crossing from west to east across the country over 1300 km.
Such geographical diversity, rich in natural resources, resulting in a flora and fauna of exuberant wealth. Jaguars, ocelots, deer, tapirs (tapir), termites, monkeys, parrots and alligators are just a few of the animals that inhabit Venezuela amid forests that house tens of thousands of plant species. It is also one of the three regions of the world with the greatest variety of birds.
Unfortunately, due to uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources, hundreds of square miles of rainforest are lost every year and many of these species become extinct before we can even be described. In South America, Venezuela lideriza actions ecosystem protection s elvático. In coordination with UNESCO, has launched the project "Man and Biosphere", designed to help preserve genetic diversity and integrity of key ecosystems. The Venezuelan government, through official decrees have been proposed since 1992, regular air pollution and the use of substances harmful to the ozone layer. The Orinoco River is a key element of the geography of Venezuela. Born to 1047m over sea level in the state of Amazonas, in the extreme south of the country, near the border with Brazil. First run northwards tracing the border with Colombia, and then turns east toward Ocean, dividing the country in two.
Much of the course is navigable, with the spectacular exception of torrential Atures and Maipures. Two hundred and six hundred tributaries large tributaries feed their flow, the third largest in the world.
The Orinoco trace the southeast boundary, western and northern regions of Guyana and Amazon, which between them account for about half the country's territory. Arguably, in Venezuela's Orinoco basin is the cradle of civilization, as the region where they have lived since time immemorial many of the country's indigenous lcomunidades.