The last craft in La Gran Sabana, long before the arrival of the Spanish, pottery consisted of singular beauty, textile pieces, baskets, plus the size of bones, shells and stones with which the ancient inhabitants made tools for agriculture, hunting and fishing for their own livelihoods. In indigenous craft production is a form of material expression of their culture, based on knowledge passed orally through the generations. From a complex symbolic system are designated collection standards, preparation of materials, designs and manufacturing techniques to transform raw materials offered by nature in traditional consumer goods, at the same time develop a high quality craft intended for commercialization.
The Indian pottery is associated with clay pots and pans for the conservation and cooking. The pottery of the Pemon pots and jars is very simple but undeniable beauty, used for cooking and preserving liquids.
An expression of the art of weaving is manifested in the development of garments and ornaments, the Yekuanas weave a kind of apron called muwaaju, used by youth in the rite of passage from puberty to adolescence.
The use and production of Indian basketry is varied, some are related to food processing - collection, storage, drying, grinding, mixing, cooking, serving - and other appliances and utensils, for hunting and fishing traps, cages, carcaxes, beds, cribs, walls, ceilings, floors, doors, decorative objects - curtains, awnings, musical instruments, ceremonial objects - crowns, capes, dresses - other than trade.
In the town of El Callao, the main manifestation is the development of unpolished gold jewelry, called Cochano, some inlaid with precious stones in the region.
The solid Chimantá located in the majestic jungle of Bolivar state, is composed of 10 isolated plateaus, some of these are: Amuri, Churi, Akopán and Murei. This massif is one of the largest in the area, occupying an area of 1470 square kilometers. Near the solid is the solid Chimantá Aprada, a space considered one of the most inaccessible and unexplored places in the world. In 2002, the Venezuelan this place was discovered in this region of the Venezuelan jungle, with a huge cavern of 250 meters during a flight over the area. Also there was observed an outgoing river underground, indicating that the cave may have large dimensions. This crack was baptized with the name of La Cueva del Fantasma and was explored in two stages.
In early 2004, a group of twelve scientists and explorers Venezuelan nature specialists, conducted reconnaissance flights to specify the location of the site, to access and landing areas. By March of that year, the group first entered the cave to begin exploration work. During the expedition, they realized that the Cueva del Fantasma was a really huge with a turbulent river, waterfalls, giant domes and galleries, you are able to have dimensions of 60 meters wide and 20 meters high.
The grand entrance of the cave was named Mammoth Mouth and is 150 meters wide and 50 meters high. After the entrance hall is the Guácharo Gallery, where the sound of the river that flows from the unknown is multiplied. The river at certain points becomes cascades and other plates disappears cuarcito roof falling the curve. Furthermore, they found two kilometers after the entry a deep lake and adjoining gallery.
In the second encounter with the Ghost Cave 7 researchers participated, who were specialists in the production of maps and photographs. Moreover, the issue was completely documented. Speleological investigations were conducted and zoological and typological studies with samples collected. To achieve all these studies, the issue was thoroughly prepared in techniques and highly sophisticated equipment. During this time in the cave, the researchers collected data and samples of fauna and flora, also collected atypical minerals located in the cave.
New species discovered
Charles Brewer Carias on his expedition discovered many things, among these is a new species of frogs dentrobatidas, commonly known as poison dart frogs. In honor of its discoverer this new species is called Colostethus breweri. They have as a pattern of characteristics peculiar brown skin, absence of fringes on fingers, moderate presence of a membrane in the toes, special features in the form of language and orange and yellow pigments in the undersides of their body.
The Colostethus breweri is a frog that lives in fast moving streams and calm waters on the slopes near the cave.
Several Indian legends are known about the tepuis of the Gran Sabana, most recognized as the source of all the lives.The Mythology Pemón points to Roraima as the kingdom of Kuin Goddess "grandmother of all civilized" who gives away drinks and music to visitors.
1596: Sir Walter Raleigh is mentioned in his book "Guiana", calling the Crystal Mountain.
1654: The French cartographer Nicolas Sanson d'Abbeville made the first map of the region
1869: Charles Barrington Brown geologist claimed that the only way to rise to the top was in a balloon!
1879: The student of birds, Henry Witely, first saw a narrow slope side and figured this could lead to the top
1884: The English Everard My Thurn and Harry I. Perkins, become the first climbers to reach the summit.
1892: Jules Verne, Roraima mentions in his novel "The Magnificent Orinoco"
1912: Inspired by ancient geological Guayana Shield, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author of Sherlock Holmes novels, wrote his book "The Lost World", where his characters capture a pterodactyl in a "table" north of Manaus where the borders of three countries.
1931: fixing remembers "Triple Point" on the top of Roraima, where the borders of Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana.
1987: Greening Engineering Group (GIDA), Central University of Venezuela start recording Roraima visitors, having until December 1990 a total of 3,600 visitors, mostly Venezuelans, Germans and Americans.
1990: The National Parks Institute (INPARQUES) prohibits access to tepuy tourism due to damage multiple visitors, including one can cite the destruction of the flora and the accumulation of garbage on top.
1992: tourism promotion restarts the strict presence of Pemon guide (see photo), which in theory would help Tepuy protection. However, the real responsibility of protecting the individual have visitors every year exploring these fabulous mountains. So please take care!
1998: Roraima comes first published online Explorepartners the classic tour of 6 days with PuriPuri!