In December of 1581 he was sent home with despatches as his company had been dissolved in the suppression of Desmond. His great fortune dates of arrival to the court where it is not unknown. Raleigh had been in correspondence with Sir Francis Walsingham for some time. The romantic stories told by Sir Robert Naunton in the Fragmenta Regalia, and Fuller in his fame, representing at least the mythical truth about his place in favor. Raleigh is quite possible that, at a time when his court clothes represents "a significant part of their" heritage, did (as the old story goes) throw his clothes on the ground to help the queen to walk without getting your feet wet in a puddle, and he wrote poetry with a diamond on a pane of glass to get his attention, but we only have rumors of a later generation of our authority. True, his tall, handsome person, stroking his manner and quick wit pleased the queen. The shower of awards that were out of all proportion to its services in Ireland, which had been more distinguished than many others. In March of 1582 was awarded a prize of £ 100, and the command of a company, nominally that could be exercised in wars, but in reality as a form of pension, and he was allowed to discharge his office by deputy and remained in court. In February 1583, was included in the escort sent to accompany the Duke of Anjou, from England to Flanders. In 1583 the Queen awarded him a grant of Durham House in the Strand (London), the property of the headquarters of Durham, which had been used however in recent times as a royal guest-house. In the same year the influence of the queen secured two contracts benefit of All Saints, Oxford, which he sold to his advantage, and to license the patent to "winemakers" - ie bartenders. This is subleased, as your agent, Browne, deceived him, obtained the concession revoked and reissued on terms that allowed it to £ 2,000 a year. In 1584 he had a license for the export of woolen cloth, a lucrative monopoly that made him very unpopular with traders. He was knighted in 1584. In 1585 succeeded the Earl of Bedford as Stannaries Guardian. Raleigh made good use of the great powers that the concierge gave mining districts in the West. Reduced the old ways to order, and was loyal to employees. In 1586 he received a grant of 40,000 acres of land of the lost Desmond, by Blackwater in Ireland. He was planting English settlers, who tried to do, and introduced the potato and snuff. In 1587 he received a scholarship in England of some lost ground the conspirator Babington.
During these years Raleigh was at the height of his favor. It was the policy of Queen Elizabeth to have several favorites at once, lest any be assumed to have exclusive influence on her. Raleigh was predominant during the period from the predominance of Leicester and rising Earl of Essex, who came to court in 1587. Note that Elizabeth Raleigh treated exclusively as a court favorite to be enriched by the monopolies and subsidies at the expense of his subjects, but she never gave him a big office, or she admits the council. Even his post as captain of the Guard, given in 1587, however honorable, and for a man to take gifts for using their influence, profit was mainly ornamental. His many offices and estates not monopolize the activity of Raleigh. The patent gives his half brother, Sir Humphrey Gilbert was coming in 1584. To avoid this loss of Raleigh, in part for his own pocket and partly to secure the help of the courtiers and capitalists, provided the means for the expedition to Newfoundland in 1583, in which Gilbert, who had been reduced to sell "his wife's clothes back" to their previous misfortunes, finally perished. Sir Humphrey patent was renewed in favor of Sir Walter March 1584.
Raleigh began the short series of colonization companies have connected his name with the solution of Virginia. It has been said many times that wise Raleigh showed an originality in their ideas as to colonization. But in reality the patent granted to him, which gave him and his heirs the right of ownership over all the territory they occupied subject to payment of a fifth of the proceeds of all mines precious to the crown metals extracted near Spanish precedents. There was also no originality in their desire to settle English colonists, and encourage other mining industries. The Spaniards had pursued the same objective from the beginning. In April 1584 Raleigh sent two captains, Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe, on a journey of exploration. They sailed by the Canaries to Florida, and from there followed the coast of North America to the gateway between Albemarle and Pamlico sounds in the modern state of North Carolina. The name of Virginia was given to a vast territory and indefinite, but none of Raleigh captains or settlers arrived in the state of Virginia. In the same year he became a member of parliament for Devonshire, and took the precaution of securing a parliamentary confirmation of grant. His first body of settlers, sent in 1585 under Sir Richard Grenville, landed in what is now Roanoke Island, North Carolina. Sir R. Grenville was mostly intended to take prizes, going and coming. The settlers got on bad terms with the natives, they despaired and abandoned the colony when Sir Francis Drake visited the coast in 1586. The colonization attempts in the same place in 1586 and 1587 proved no more successful, and in 1589 Raleigh who introduced himself as having spent £ 40,000 in the company he renounced his rights to a society of merchants while preserving a rental, and one fifth of gold might be discovered.
After Sir Walter Raleigh in 1587 was called to fight for their place of choice with the Earl of Essex. During the year 1588 the Navy was more or less in eclipse. It was in Ireland for part of the year with Sir R. Grenville, and was employed as Vice Admiral of Devon in the care of the coast defenses and the quotation of the county militia. During this year he received a challenge of Essex, which did not result in a match. In 1589 he was back in Ireland. We had befriended Edmund Spenser and now visited him at his home in Kilcolman. It was with the help of Raleigh that Spenser obtained a pension, and real help to publish the first three books of the fairy queen. The exact cause of the misfortune partial Raleigh in court is unknown, but probably due to the usual policy of the queen to check one of the favorites for the promotion of another. In 1589 he accompanied the expedition to the coast of Portugal, which was intended to provoke a revolt against King Philip II, but not completely. In 1591 he was banned at the last minute to take part in the trip to the Azores, and was replaced by his cousin Sir R. Grenville, whose death in action with the Spanish was the subject of one of the most vigorous parts of Sir Walter of prose writing. In 1592 he was again at sea with an expedition to intercept Spanish trade, but was called by the queen. The cause of his retirement was the discovery that he had seduced one of her maids of honor, Elizabeth Throgmorton. Raleigh refused in a letter to Robert Cecil that there was some truth in the stories of a marriage between them. On his return, he put in the Tower of London, and if I was not married and married there. To placate the queen made a fantastic display of despair over the loss of his favor. Remember that bridesmaids could not marry without the consent of the Queen Elizabeth was always reluctant to give and would be particularly reluctant to give when the husband was an old favorite on their own. Raleigh proved to be a good husband and his wife turned to him through life. As the ships of the expedition had taken a valuable prize, the Portuguese carrack "Mother of God", and as there was a dispute over the spoils, was released to monitor the distribution. It had been a major contributor to the cost of the expedition, but the queen, who only sent two ships, is the most loot, leaving just enough to cover their expenses.
Raleigh now retired from the court for an estate of Sherborne in Dorsetshire, just before his fall from grace which had won the Bishop of Salisbury, whose view he belonged, for most unscrupulous use of real influence. A son was born to him here in 1594, and he maintained a friendly correspondence with Sir Robert Cecil, later Earl of Salisbury, Secretary of State. But a life of constant retirement age who does not like to Raleigh, and as profuse habits, along with the multiplicity of his interests, had prevented him from making any advantage of their properties in Ireland, he was embarrassed by money. In 1595 therefore sailed on a journey of exploration with a view to conquest, on the coast of South America. The object was, no doubt, to find gold mines, and Raleigh had heard wild stories of El Dorado which had been common among the Spanish for long. The account of his journey, The Discovery of Guiana, published on his return, is the brightest of all Elizabethan adventure stories, but contains much romance manifesto. He was greeted with incredulity. Now was the most unpopular man in England, not only among the courtiers, but in the country, for their greed, arrogance and alleged skepticism in religion. In 1590 he was appointed to the poet Christopher Marlowe and others as an atheist. In court he was not initially received. The party took in the capture of Cadiz in 1596, where he was severely wounded, was followed by a restoration of favor at court, and apparently reconciled Essex, whom he accompanied on a trip to the Azores in 1597. This cooperation led to a renewal of the fight, and Raleigh, as the enemy of Essex who was the favorite of the soldiers and the population became more unpopular than ever. In 1600 won the governorship of New Jersey, and the following year took part in suppressing the rebellion of Essex, whose execution he presided as Captain of the Guard. In 1600 he sat as a member of Penzance, in the last term of the reign of Elizabeth. In parliament was constant friend of religious toleration, and a review of tax legislation bold and land at the time.
The death of the queen and the accession of James I were ruinous to Raleigh. James, who saw in Essex as his party had been hurt, and longing to Raleigh for the prolongation of the war with Spain was completely against the king's peace policy. Raleigh was embarrassed for money, and was forced to sell his Irish lands to Richard Boyle, afterwards first Earl of Cork, in 1602. He was expelled from Durham House, which was claimed by the bishop, removed from the captaincy of the Guard, deprived of its monopoly, which abolished the king, and the government of Jersey. In his anger and despair that undoubtedly played a role in the complication of conspiracies that were raised in the first months of the reign of James, and was sent to the Tower on July 19, 1603. Here he made what appears to have been a sincere attempt to stab himself, but produced only a small wound. His trial in Winchester, November 1603, was conducted with such injustice outrageous as to shock the opinion of the time, and his gallant against the brutality of the Attorney General, Sir Edward Coke, turned public opinion in their favor. Now it is impossible to get to the truth, but in general, it seems likely that Raleigh was aware of the conspiracies, despite the evidence against him was insufficient to prove his guilt. Much was retained by the board, and the jury was influenced by the knowledge that the council believed him guilty.
The death sentence against Raleigh, and others tried at about the same time, was in most cases not met. Raleigh was sent to the Tower, where he remained until March 19, 1616. His estate Sherborne, who had moved to his son, was taken by the king, who took advantage of a technical irregularity in the transfer. A sum of £ 8000 offered in compensation was paid in part. Raleigh confinement was easy, and devoted himself to experimental chemistry and literature. He had been known as one of the most poetic lyric poets of children of an age of poetry from his youth. In prison he wrote many treatises, and the only volume of his History of the World published vast. He also invented an elixir that seems to have been a tremendous stimulant charlatan. The hope of liberation and a revival of activity never left, and struggled to get the ear of the king, appealing to successive ministers and favorites. Finally he won their freedom in a shameful manner to all stakeholders. He promised the king to find a gold mine in Guyana, without trenching on a Spanish possession. It must have been obvious to all that this was impossible, and the Spanish ambassador, Gondomar, warned the king that the Spaniards had settlements on the coast. The king, who was in need of money, replied that if Raleigh was guilty of piracy, should be executed on their return. Raleigh gave promises that obviously knew he could not continue, and embarked on the March 17, 1617, based on the chapter of accidents, and in vague intrigues that had taken in Savoy and France. The expedition, in which the remains of his fortune was spent, was misnamed and poorly manned. He reached the mouth of the Orinoco on the last day of 1617. Raleigh was sick with fever, and remained in Trinidad. He sent five small boats up the Orinoco under most trusted captain, Lawrence Keymis, who by his son and nephew Walter went. The expedition found a Spanish settlement on the road to the mine involved, and there was a fight in which the son of Sir Walter and several Spaniards were killed. After several days of fighting Bush with the Spaniards, and the vain search for the mine, Sir Walter Keymis returned with the news of the death of his son and his own ruin. It stung by criticism of Raleigh Keymis killed, and after a miserable scene of recriminations, doubts and mutiny, the expedition returned home. Raleigh was arrested, and in fulfillment of the promise of the king of Gondomar was executed under his old sentence on 29 October 1618. During his confinement, has fallen to some unworthy and devices entreaties, but when he learned that his inevitable end of his death with serenity and dignity. His wife survived him, and left a son Carew Raleigh. His enmity to Spain made him a popular hero.