Discover this "great and golden city" was a dream that exasperated the imagination of anyone who attempted to make it happen. The search for El Dorado, failure many times over the centuries, causing a change in its supposed location. Each new report placed him one step further.
Follow in the footsteps of Raleigh and although not a fiction but a reality, we will place the region of our dreams - Venezuela and the Orinoco River - in the center of the known world to start exploring their territory.
Venezuela, called Tierra de Gracia by Christopher Columbus when arrived at its eastern shores in 1498 - Colon said Eden queHabía found here in Venezuela, located in the northern tip of South America. Venezuela is the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east of the Orinoco delta. Coasts offshore outcrop almost a hundred islands and rocky headlands. It is bordered to the south and southeast Brazil to Guyana (not to be confused with the Venezuelan Guayana, and Essequibo area which is claimed by Venezuela). To the west, bordering Colombia.
Venezuela has an area of 916,445 km2 - almost three times the size of Germany or twice the state of California in the United States. The climate is tropical, with a rainy season from April to October. The normal temperature range for height, 10 to 12 º C in the mountains, from 20 to 25 between 1000 and 1500 meters, and Caracas, the capital city and 25 to 35 º C in the lower areas. In the lowlands of the Amazon and Guiana temperatures can reach 40 ° C, but drop drastically overnight.
Notable geographic features abound: Venezuela has the longest coastline in the Caribbean (2,813 km.), With a number of beautiful bays and beaches Islands, the continent's largest lake, Lake Maracaibo, the highest waterfall world, Angel Falls (979 m, three times the height of the Eiffel Tower), falling from Auyantepuy, one of the unique plateau, vertical walls and flat and forested peaks called tepuis, which abound in the Guiana Shield, a areas of the world's oldest geologically.
Its territory includes large areas of tropical rainforest, the initial portion of the Cordillera de Los Andes (the highest summit, Pico Bolívar, has 5.007m), and endless savannahs or plains crossing from west to east across the country over 1300 km.
Such geographical diversity, rich in natural resources, resulting in a flora and fauna of exuberant wealth. Jaguars, ocelots, deer, tapirs (tapir), termites, monkeys, parrots and alligators are just a few of the animals that inhabit Venezuela amid forests that house tens of thousands of plant species. It is also one of the three regions of the world with the greatest variety of birds.
Unfortunately, due to uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources, hundreds of square miles of rainforest are lost every year and many of these species become extinct before we can even be described. In South America, Venezuela lideriza actions ecosystem protection s elvático. In coordination with UNESCO, has launched the project "Man and Biosphere", designed to help preserve genetic diversity and integrity of key ecosystems. The Venezuelan government, through official decrees have been proposed since 1992, regular air pollution and the use of substances harmful to the ozone layer. The Orinoco River is a key element of the geography of Venezuela. Born to 1047m over sea level in the state of Amazonas, in the extreme south of the country, near the border with Brazil. First run northwards tracing the border with Colombia, and then turns east toward Ocean, dividing the country in two.
Much of the course is navigable, with the spectacular exception of torrential Atures and Maipures. Two hundred and six hundred tributaries large tributaries feed their flow, the third largest in the world.
The Orinoco trace the southeast boundary, western and northern regions of Guyana and Amazon, which between them account for about half the country's territory. Arguably, in Venezuela's Orinoco basin is the cradle of civilization, as the region where they have lived since time immemorial many of the country's indigenous lcomunidades.