La Gran Sabana Population in 2014, 77,790 inhabitants
This municipality is located in the heart of the Guayana Shield, the oldest geological formation of the earth, whose age is estimated between 2,000 and 1,600 million years of unparalleled beauty and surrounded by evergreen Tepuyes. Its tourist potential is linked to border tourism, Eco, Sport, and Cultural River.
We recommend visiting: Among other attractions: Population and Cerro El Paují The Abyss, the Auyantepuy, Mount Roraima National Park Kanaima, The Angel Jumps, Chinak Meru, Kama, Thoron and Toroncito, the Downs in Jasper and Pacheco ; Kavanayen Indigenous communities with their missions and San Francisco de Yuruaní.
His Capital: Santa Elena, founded in 1924, is a border town with Brazil, of intense mining and tourism.
It's called La Gran Sabana to an area of 75,000 square kilometers covering the southeastern Bolivar State. Characterize the tepuis, rock formations that can reach up to 2700 meters high, as Cerro Roraima, which gives its name to the geological formation. The temperature ranges between 35 and 5 degrees, on the heights of the tepuis. It has become a major tourist route, under the same name, which includes the following highlights:
Canaima National Park: a National Park on June 12, 1962. It has an area of 3,000,000 hectares, one of the largest in the world. Place of breathtaking beauty, unique in the world, has in its western region of the Guiana Shield impenetrable jungle, on the eastern side, large sheets full of flora and fauna, rivers crossed by stormy. On the horizon is dominated by tepuis, tabular formations of vertical walls, consisting of polychrome sandstone, quartzite and conglomerates, carved by erosion of thousands of years, and totally flat on top. The tepuis are like huge islands on the green carpet of the jungle, in fact are "islands in time" because they are unique ecosystems, each has unique flora and fauna. There are more than 300 endemic species, as Achnopogon, Chimantaea, Quelchia, Tepuia, Mallophyton, Adenanthe; abundant carnivorous (insectivorous) gender: Bromeliad, Drosera, Heliamphora and Utricularia.
Location: southwest of the Orinoco River in La Gran Sabana, in the Bolívar State. Access: By land, following Route 10 south or by air from various secondary airports in Canaima, Luepa and Santa Elena de Uairen and Kavanayén runways, Kamarata Ounken and other indigenous villages.
Main tepuis of Canaima National Park:
Auyan - Tepuy, Aparamán - Tepuy, The Tereke - Yurén-Tepuy, Chimantá - Tepuy, Kawarkawaray - Tepuy, Aprada - Tepuy, Apakara - Tepuy, Acopán - Tepuy, Anwarapaima - Tepuy, Wei-Tepuy (Cerro Del Sol), Ptari - Tepuy, Sororopán - Tepuy, Tramen - Tepuy, Illu-Tepuy, Karaurín-Tepuy, Yuruaní - Tepuy, (Wara - Karina, Wadakapiapo - Tepuy, Matawi - Tepuy (Kukenán) Roroima - Tepuy (Roraima). these tepuis but are located outside park boundaries, are integrated into your scenario and protected under the guise of natural monuments.
Canaima Lagoon: Huge backwater formed by the turbulent waters Carrao River, at the foot of the falls, before restarting the race to the Caroni. The first thing that draws attention to navigate this current is the foam which borders the surface of the lagoon and the peculiar color of its waters: black in the deeper areas, reddish - yellow on the banks. This unique coloration is due to the concentration of humic and fulvic acids and the scum to the saponin, both derived from the decomposition of plant material. The tepuis Kurun, Deer and Kuravaina are the backdrop for this superb aquatic amphitheater.
El Sapo: This waterfall shows its face more spectacular during the rainy season, when significantly increases your water flow. A carpet of green vegetation cover slabs or tan, it is similar to moss plants or seagrasses, which are perfectly suited to the thrust of the strong currents. Halfway diving, water flow increases, forming eddies of water spray, turbulence is so great that jerky breathing; impetuous energy and inexhaustible water subsides, at breakneck speed, from a height of 20 meters. From this vantage point you can see bewitching landscape: in the foreground, the undulating savannah grass cover, a thick morichal contrasting with the emerald green surrounding, indigenous huts and thatched roofs in the distance, the blue silhouette of Nonoi-Tepuy.
Angel Falls: The highest waterfall in the world, falls 1005 m. from the top of Auyan-tepui to the jungle. Angel Falls shows an amazing perspective: the waterfall, which is actually the sum of several jets of water rush from multiple slits, becomes a light mist split by a rainbow. Behind the fountain, wall-tepui Auyán exhibits a concavity fantastic reds, carved by water and wind. Can flown, in light aircraft from Canaima and from Kavak. Called by the indigenous Pemon Kerepakupai-Meru, "jump the deepest place", the current name was imposed after the American aviator Jimmy Angel, gold prospector who in 1937 managed to land his plane on top of Auyan-Tepuy. Although credited with discovering the jump to Jimmy Angel, the credit goes to Ernesto Sanchez, a retired Venezuelan Navy, who had already visited in 1910 according to the testimony of the journey deposited in the house of Cuidad Bolivar Blohm. Location: Canyon Diablo, Canaima National Park
The Auyán-Tepuy: Auyán-tepui, colossus of stone, carved by erosion of thousands of years. For indigenous Pemon, the word means Auyan-tepui mountains of hell as his mythology, a court of evil spirits called Marawiton inhabits the summit, along with a superior deity called Truman-cheetah. Its height is 2,460 meters in the southern border and 1,600 meters on the northern edge. At the top of Auyan-tepui, is the half-length bust of Simon Bolivar, the dinosaur of stone and stone monkey and the valley of a thousand columns, crystal valley, head of George Washington and the House of the Gods.
Aponwao or Chinak-Meru: Impressive jump with a free fall of 105 meters. The hike to the waterfall is by river or across the river and then walking Aponwao, the road is flat as far as it follows the jump.
Jump Toron-Meru: Waterfall shaped staircase, is one of the greatest attractions of the route Gran Sabana, has a height of 75 meters, is located within 41 kilometers of cross Kavanayen. Inaccessible.
Salto Kama-Meru: This mighty and dramatic jump in the river waters from Aponwao, has a height of over 50 meters, in the fall as a rainbow. It is located at km 207.11 for the trunk-10, the eastern route Gran Sabana.
Quebrada Arapan-Meru (Pacheco): Attractive comprised of four jumps, a small jump with a wife and a medium, a big jump on a ladder and a slide. The gorge is also called perfetti. It is located at km 241.77 for the trunk-10.
Quebrada Kako-Paru (jasper): Quebrada which is characterized by slabs of red jasper, is 20 to 30 meters wide, is one of the wonders of the great plains. It is located at km 277.28 for the trunk-10. Route Gran Sabana eastern sector.
Roraima Tepui: It is the tallest of the tepuis of the Gran Sabana, also called mountain blue or crystal mountain, its height is 2763 meters above sea level, 15 kilometers long, the top surface is 200 kilometers, is the highlight of the relief the park. The Roraima has the points: the bow, Gladys Lake, North mazes, triple point, stone monkey eating ice cream, pit, valley of crystals and tevasin. Its correct name is Roroima, Roroi means fruit tree and ma means great. In 1931, it was agreed setting of Mount Roraima point where the borders of Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana, disputed territory (Essequibo). Boundary is called the milestone as "triple point".
Kukenan-Tepuy: Has some rocks that resemble Indian despiojándose mutually adankai called, his real name is Matawi-tepui, has a height of 2,680 meters was first climbed in the year 1963, by an expedition from the University of Bangor, England . It belongs to the eastern chain of tepuis of the Gran Sabana.
Yuruani-Tepuy: Tepuy than 2,400 meters high, there Yuruani river begins. It belongs to the eastern chain of tepuis of the Gran Sabana.
Ptari-Tepuy: One of the tepuis sacred.
Aponwao River: The river rises in the Sierra de Lema and falls into the Caroni, is 250 kilometers long. The canoe navigation is a spectacular and unique tour, travel in Salto Chinak sector is so devious, that on several occasions the sun is on the left and others to the right.
Rio Yuruani: It has 96 km long, rises in the Saran-tepui and Mount Yuruani (Irurima tepuy) and falls into the river Kukenan Yurua.
Kukenan Jump: The jump Kukenan has a free fall height of 610 meters, is the second highest waterfall in Venezuela and fourth in the world.